Berlin Luftschutzbunker

Europe, Germany, Berlin, Mitte, Albrechtstrasse, Luftschutzbunker, ,Boros art collection (uncut)

More then a week ago the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall was celebrated. A good occasion to revisit the Berlin pics I made during the 20th anniversary and highlight some places with historical significance.

In the Mitte quarter (formerly in East Berlin) is the Luftschutzbunker, also known as the Reichsbahnbunker .

The building is a symbol of the very turbulent history of Berlin. It’s a former Nazi air-raid shelter and was designed by Karl Bonatz, and constructed in 1943 to shelter up to 3,000 Reichsbahn train passengers. The square building has an area of 1000 m² and is 18 metres high; its walls are up to two metres thick. There are 120 rooms on five floors.

In May 1945, the Soviet Red Army turned the building into a prisoner-of-war camp. From 1949, the DDR used it to store textiles and from 1957 as storage for dry and tropical fruit.

From 1992-1996 it was a semi-legal hardcore techno dance club. In 2002, it was the venue of the Berlin art festival "Insideout". A year later it was bought by Christian Boros to house his art collection and had architects Jens Casper and Petra Petersson converted the building into a 32.000-square-foot (3000 square meter) exhibition space and added a penthouse. This exhibition space
was opened in 2007 .

To the right is late-modernist office building.

Posted by AurelioZen on 2014-11-19 16:01:49

Tagged: , Europe , Germany , Berlin , Mitte , Luftschutzbunker , Albrechtstraße , Boros art collection , Brutalism , Bunker , Air-raid shelter , Reinforced concrete , Museum

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