Berlín_0179

Französischer Dom, Gendarmenmarkt. Berlin.

La Catedral Francesa (en alemán, Französischer Dom) es el nombre coloquial de la Iglesia Francesa de Friedrichstadt, situada en Berlín, en la Gendarmenmarkt, frente a la Catedral Alemana (Deutscher Dom), antigua iglesia de los feligreses de habla alemana.

Louis Cayart y Abraham Quesnay construyeron las primeras partes de la actual Catedral Francesa entre 1701 y 1705 para la comunidad hugonote (calvinista). En aquella época, los hugonotes constituían el 25% de la población de Berlín. Su diseño se inspiró en el destruido templo hugonote de Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Francia.

En 1785 Carl von Gontard modificó la iglesia y construyó junto a ella la torre con cúpula, que, junto con los feligreses de habla francesa, le valió a la iglesia su nombre. Técnicamente, la torre no es parte de la iglesia y no están conectados, debido a que ambos edificios tienen diferentes propietarios. La torre, que se parece a la de la Catedral Alemana, se construyó solo para que Gendarmenmarkt tuviera un diseño simétrico. La torre de la Catedral Alemana, sin embargo, sí que forma parte de la iglesia.
La Catedral Francesa fue dañada gravemente durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y reconstruida entre 1977 y 1981.​ En la actualidad no solo la usa su congregación, pues se utiliza para convenciones de la Iglesia evangélica de Alemania.
La iglesia no es una catedral en sentido estricto porque nunca ha sido sede obispal.
La torre de la cúpula, que contiene un mirador abierto a los visitantes, ofrece una vista panorámica de Berlín. En el sótano se sitúa un restaurante, bajo la sala de oración. La torre también contiene el Museo Hugonote de Berlín.

The French Cathedral (in German, Französischer Dom) is the colloquial name of the French Church of Friedrichstadt, located in Berlin, on the Gendarmenmarkt, opposite the German Cathedral (Deutscher Dom), former church of the German-speaking parishioners.

Louis Cayart and Abraham Quesnay built the first parts of the current French Cathedral between 1701 and 1705 for the Huguenot (Calvinist) community. At that time, the Huguenots constituted 25% of the population of Berlin. Its design was inspired by the destroyed Huguenot temple of Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France.

In 1785 Carl von Gontard modified the church and built next to it the domed tower, which, together with the French-speaking parishioners, earned the church its name. Technically, the tower is not part of the church and they are not connected, because both buildings have different owners. The tower, which looks like the one in the German Cathedral, was built only so that Gendarmenmarkt had a symmetrical design. The tower of the German Cathedral, however, is part of the church.
The French Cathedral was badly damaged during World War II, and rebuilt between 1977 and 1981. Nowadays it is not only used by its congregation, it is used for conventions of the Evangelical Church of Germany.
The church is not a cathedral in the strict sense because it has never been the bishop’s seat.
The tower of the dome, which contains a viewpoint open to visitors, offers a panoramic view of Berlin. In the basement there is a restaurant, under the prayer room. The tower also contains the Huguenot Museum in Berlin.

Posted by Joanbrebo on 2017-11-30 11:30:02

Tagged: , Berlin , Alemania , DE , Französischer Dom , Esglèsia , Church , Iglesia , Catedral , Gendarmenmarkt , Canon EOS 80D , EOS D , EF-S10-18mm f/4.5-5.6 IS STM , Auto Focus , Arquitectura , Edificios , Edificis , Buildings

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