Image by fusion-of-horizons
The famous byzantine Lamentations of the Tomb of Christ, sung during the Matins of Holy and Great Saturday (Holy Friday evening). The official name of the hymns is "Εγκώμια", which is greek and means "Praises". The Praises (although considered being hymns of lament) are chanted in Plagal 1st and 3rd Tones, which are actually used for chants intended for triumphant occasions. On this performance parts of all three Staseis of the Praise are chanted. Note that in the beginning of each part, the second verse is chanted in arabic.
Title: "Εγκώμια – Α’ Στάσις / Β’ Στάσις / Γ’ Στάσις" (Praises – 1st / 2nd / 3rd Stasis)
Service: Holy and Great Saturday Matins
Performers: Greek Byzantine Choir
Parekklesion [funerary chapel] of the
Church of the Holy Saviour in Chora, Istanbul
Chora Museum, Chora Monastery (Contantinople)
Μονή της Χώρας, Μουσείο Χώρας, Κωνσταντινούπολη
Ἐκκλησία του Ἅγιου Σωτῆρος ἐν τῃ Χώρᾳ
The Church of the Holy Redeemer in the Fields
Church of the Holy Saviour in the Country
Kariye Müzesi, Kariye Camii, Kariye Kilisesi, Istanbul, Turkey
"The first bay of the parekkelsion is covered by a ribbed dome lit by large windows.
The Virgin and Child and Attendant Angels are represented in the western dome. The Virgin appears as the Queen of Heaven at the apex of the dome. Within the dome’s segments are twelve angels, who form a sort of guard of honor, wearing brightly colored costumes of the Byzantine court. This frescoed dome is subdivided with ribs providing the flatter surfaces more suitable for fresco.
The Four Hymnographers are seated in the pendentives below the dome. These are Byzantine poets noted for their hymns honoring the Virgin.
John of Damascus, in the northeast pendentive, is the most famous, a theologian active in the eighth century. He is identified by his turban and is depicted writing the Idiomela for the funeral service.
Kosmas the Poet, in the southeast pendentive, a student of John of Damascus, who is shown with an uninscribed book in his lap.
Joseph the Poet, in the southwest pendentive, holding a scroll on which he writes his Canon for the Akathistos Hymn, an addition to the most important Byzantine hymn honoring the Virgin. The verses connect Joseph to the Old Testament scenes depicted below him.
Theophanes Graptos, in the northwest pendentive, a ninth-century writer who was a monk at the Chora. He is shown writing verses from the funeral service, which refer to the adjacent scene of Jacob’s Ladder and to the role of the Virgin in salvation."